Threads And Needles
Thread may be made of
synthetics, cotton, silk, or a combination of these fibers. Like
fabrics, threads are often treated with finishes to impart special
qualities and improve performance.
applied to cotton thread and cotton-covered polyester thread, adds
smoothness, luster and better dye affinity.
finish, used on quilting thread
and button and carpet thread, produces a hard, smooth surface, as
Synthetic threads today may be
cotton-covered polyester, spun polyester, or nylon. These threads
provide the strength and elasticity necessary for today's knits,
permanent press, and stretch fabrics.
Check your sewing machine
manual for the type of needle you should buy. Some needles, such as
those by Coats & Clark, will fit most popular makes of sewing
machine-see the needle package. The following needles are standard
needles, which vary mainly in the type of point.
ball-point needles have a
special taper, designed for knits and wovens alike.
needles have a special taper,
designed for knits and wovens alike.
needles have a rounded point,
designed for use on knit fabrics; the ball-point pushes the yarns
aside, instead of piercing them,
needles have a wedge-shaped
point, designed for use on leather and leather-look fabric.
needles and triple needles have
two or three needles joined together with a common body or shank. They
can be used on some machines for straight or decorative stitching (see
your sewing machine manual).
The correct machine-needle size
is determined by the weight of the fabric to be sewn. The numbering
system for needle sizes varies depending on the brand-some are numbered
according to the U.S. system of sizes, while others are numbered
according to the European system.
Change your machine needle
often especially when sewing on synthetics. A new needle assures you of
no needle damage to fabric. A blunt or burred needle can damage your
fabric and thread.
Hand-sewing needles come in ten
sizes, from No. 1, very coarse, to No. 10, very fine the following are
the most common types:
are medium length needles, most commonly used for general sewing. Most
other hand-sewing needles differ from them mainly in length.
(also called crewel) needles are exactly like Sharps but have a longer
eye for easier threading. They are excellent for sewing.
- Between are shorter
needles, good for detailed
handwork, such as fine stitching on heavy fabric, as in tailoring.
Quilting needles are size 7 Between.
are longer needles, best for basting and millinery.
Sharps are open at the top for
easy threading. Very helpful for people who have difficulty threading
The following needles are made
for various purposes; the numbering for sizes may vary somewhat from
the hand-sewing needles above.
- Beading needles are very fine, long
needles, used for bead work and sewing sequins on fine fabrics.
needles are heavy needles with a blunt point for work on canvas, such
needles are similar to tapestry needles but have a sharp point for
heavy embroidery on closely woven fabric.
needles have a tapered point with three sharp edges to pierce leather
without tearing it; used for hand-sewing on leather.
are long needles, used for basting and darning with cotton.
darners are the heaviest
needles with large eyes, used for stitchery and darning with yarn.
Special assortments of needles
are also available with various straight and curved needles for crafts,
upholstery, rugs, etc
|| Threads And
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