Computer technology skills are vital to business; they permeate the entire workplace. Familiarity with computers is required in a growing number of firms and occupations primarily because of the increasingly widespread use of computerized management information systems. Technology and the growing complexity of business have expanded the need for employees who can analyze and manage information.
Skills in evaluating data, working with people, and communicating are companion components for careers in information systems. This career path cluster also includes opportunities for students with strong mathematics capabilities and interest in advanced technology. After completing the career path cluster standard of information processing, students select one of the four career path specializations —administrative support, computer science, information systems management, and telecommunications.
4.0 Computer Science and Information Processing
4.1 Information Processing (CL): Students will understand the information processing concepts necessary to gather, create, and analyze data and to function in a rapidly changing technological, global society. They will demonstrate competency by performing the multiple tasks required to process data effectively and produce usable information as follows:
4.1.1 Business and computer ethics. Define, explain, and demonstrate proper business and computer ethics.
4.1.2 Computer applications. Use a variety of business applications software, including word processing, spreadsheet, database, and desktop publishing; discuss current technology and trends.
4.1.3 Computer systems. Use operating systems, computer hardware, and peripherals.
4.1.4 Document processing. Create, format, edit, and produce documents.
4.1.5 File management. Sort, verify, classify, and categorize data both manually and electronically for efficient retrieval.
4.1.6 Global communications. Demonstrate skills for communicating in an international, multicultural business environment.
4.1.7 Information resources. Locate, access, and retrieve information manually and electronically.
4.1.8 Office equipment. Operate industry-standard equipment.
4.1.9 Problem solving. Develop solutions to problems through the use of critical thinking and computer skills.
4.1.10 Source documents. Use appropriate methods and software to analyze and process source documents.
4.1.11 Teamwork. Work in a group to develop a product.
4.1.12 Technical documentation. Use manuals and other resources to solve hardware and software problems.
4.1.13 Telecommunications. Use appropriate electronic resources to transmit data.
4.1.14 Time management. Prioritize activities and evaluate and use available resources to complete tasks efficiently.
4.2 Administrative Support (S): Students will understand support services necessary for the operation of an office in a global society. They will demonstrate competency by mastering multiple skills and performing tasks in support of management as follows:
4.2.1 Communications. Use effective oral, written, and electronic communications.
4.2.2 Computer applications. Select and use appropriate software and accessories to design and produce professional documents and presentations.
4.2.3 Office environment. While considering human needs, design and organize an office environment that maximizes productivity.
4.2.4 Office management. Describe the coordination of daily office operations.
4.2.5 Office supervision. Describe supervisory skills, including communication, hiring, management, delegation of responsibilities, decision making, organization, and planning.
4.2.6 Problem solving. Analyze situations, solve problems, and formulate action plans.
4.2.7 Productivity. Describe ways in which to maximize the use of available personnel, equipment, and supplies in a variety of office situations.
4.2.8 Records management. Classify, store, retrieve, and purge paper, film, and computer-based records.
4.3 Computer Science (S): Students will understand systems and programming concepts related to the science of computer operations. They will demonstrate competency by applying those concepts to the development of computer systems and programs as follows:
4.3.1 Algorithms. Design solutions that are correct, reliable, and efficient; compare and contrast various sorting and searching methods.
4.3.2 Architecture methods. Explain digital logic, machine level representation of data, memory-system organization, and the architectural use of assembly-level programming.
4.3.3 Artificial intelligence and robotics. Discuss the uses and effects of artificial intelligence and robotics.
4.3.4 Complex programs. Develop complex programs that are large in scope and require an analysis of implementation issues.
4.3.5 Data structures. Develop programs using abstract data types and object-oriented programming.
4.3.6 Database. Develop programs that access and modify databases through the use of various file-access methods.
4.3.7 Human/computer interfaces. Communicate, orally and in writing, information that enables users to operate computer systems effectively.
4.3.8 Operating systems. Use operating systems and associated utilities for file management, backup and recovery, and execution of programs; compare simple and multi-user operating systems.
4.3.9 Program design. Use problem-solving methods to define and analyze programs; design structured, maintainable programs to meet specifications; and code, execute, test, and debug programs with a well-defined user interface to produce accurate and reliable results.
4.3.10 Program modification. Describe the ways in which specification changes and technological advancements require the modification of programs.
4.3.11 Programming languages. Compare several programming languages; create structured programs in at least two languages through the use of control structures, procedures, functions, parameters, local variables, error recovery, and recursion.
4.3.12 Programming style. Develop structured, documented, maintainable programs that create self-explanatory output.
4.3.13 Simple programs. Apply algorithmic solutions and codes to well-defined problems.
4.3.14 Social issues. Discuss the issues of access, privacy, and ethics and their impact on society.
4.3.15 Systems analysis. Analyze computer systems, access available solutions, and develop appropriate systems.
4.4 Information Systems Management (S): Students will understand computerized information systems. They will demonstrate competency by evaluating and using hardware and software solutions to improve productivity as follows:
4.4.1 Attitude and ethics. Define, explain, and demonstrate a professional attitude and proper computer ethics.
4.4.2 Computer systems configuration. Evaluate, select, install,and configure computer components, peripherals, and operating systems.
4.4.3 Local and wide area networks. Evaluate, operate, and manage computer networks.
4.4.4 Problem solving. Prioritize, analyze, and solve system problems.
4.4.5 Social issues. Discuss the issues of access, privacy, and ethics as well as their impact on society.
4.4.6 Software acquisitions and management. Preview, select, and install software for business applications.
4.4.7 Telecommunications. Evaluate, operate, and manage systems for electronic communication and data transmission.
4.4.8 Training. Provide information and instruction to users to enable them to operate computer systems.
4.5 Telecommunications (S): Students will understand the telecommunications concepts and systems necessary to transmit information and to function in a technological, global society. They will demonstrate competency by performing a variety of tasks, using electronic media, to transmit information effectively as follows:
4.5.5 Network operations. Analyze, manage, and maintain various types of electronic networks.
4.5.6 Problem solving. Use telecommunications as a means of solving problems cooperatively.
4.5.7 Resource management. Discuss the effective management of human and telecommunications resources.
4.5.8 Standards and protocol. Analyze the implications of protocols and international standards; discuss their impact on data transmission.
4.5.9 Terminology. Define telecommunications terminology as it relates to emerging technology and trends.
4.5.10 Topology. Identify the physical and logical layouts of telecommunications systems.
4.5.11 Training. Provide information and instruction to users that will enable them to operate telecommunications systems.
4.5.12 Troubleshooting. Identify and correct hardware and software problems that occur in telecommunications.
4.5.13 Work group applications. Use work group applications, such as electronic mail, calendaring, scheduling, and video conferencing.